Here’s your pre-summer skincare guide.
Summer’s almost here, and the body’s first defense organ - the skin - takes the onslaught of the scorching sunrays. It’s important to prepare your skin for the long, hot summer months to come.
TeleLIFE helps you solve your summer skin problems.
Sun burn and tanning: Light-complexioned people are more prone to sun burns and tan easily than others. The harsh UV rays cause serious damage which shows up as rashes, itchy skin and patches.
Solution: Use a sunscreen of SPF 25 daily.
Acne: Heat, humidity, dead skin cells and oil tend to clog pores, leading to blackheads and acne. Oily skin people are especially prone to acne aggravation.
Solution: Apply a mud pack once a week to absorb excess oil, improve complexion and reduce patches and spots. Use a salicylic acid-containing face wash regularly.
Pigmentation: Exposure to the sun activates the melanin to rise to the upper layers of the skin, thereby increasing pigmentation. Normal skin and skin with pigmentation problems seem to look darker when exposed to direct sun.
Solution: Avoid sunlight and use sunscreen regularly. Use a skin lightening cream containing vitamin C, kojic acid and hydroquinone or retinoic acid at bedtime.
Fungal infection: Fungus thrives in humid weather and areas where there is less aeration – in the folds of the skin – especially in people who wear tight clothing and shoes all day long.
Solution: Have a shower twice a day. Use an anti-fungal dusting powder in the body folds after a bath. And apply an anti-fungal cream at bedtime on the affected areas.
Body odour: Unpleasant body smell occurs not only due to increased sweat accumulation but also due to the bacterial decomposition of the same.
Solution: Wear loose, cotton clothing. Have a shower two-three times a day. Use a medicated soap like ‘Dettol’. And use an anti-fungal powder and deodorant in the body folds.
Photoaging: Skin is composed of three layers: The epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The dermis contains proteins including collagen, elastin and other important fibres that affect the skin’s strength and elasticity, and are responsible for the skin’s smooth, youthful appearance. UV radiation damages these important proteins, leading to photoaging.
Solution: When your skin suffers damage from the sun, the best way to reverse the effects is by the use of anti-oxidants. Anti-oxidants work to battle free radicals and can be found in vitamins B, E and C. They can be ingested internally or placed on the skin topically.
Photodermatitis: Some suffer from direct allergy to sunlight called photodermatitis while others by photo-aggravated dermatosis, a condition that gets aggravated by excess sun exposure. A few minutes of UV exposure is enough to cause itchy rashes, redness, boils and even swelling.
Solution: Application of emollients, skin sootheners, mild steroids and even oral anti-allergic and anti-oxidants help. Avoiding sun and proper sun protection is a must. Sunscreens, hats, scarves, caps, hand gloves and umbrella help in sun protection.
Have cool showers, wear loose clothes and apply talcum powder after a bath.
Rosacea: This is characterized by red and inflamed skin, especially on the cheek, chin and frown areas of the face. The rash can also lead to tiny boils on the cheeks and severe acne, if left untreated.
Solution: Avoid sunlight, use a soap-free face wash (Cetaphil) and a good gel sunscreen. Reduce stress with yoga and meditation. Have antacid or aloe vera juice in the morning on an empty stomach. Meterogyl gel applied at night on the red areas help reduce redness.
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